Research conducted by Kokkinos in Greece found that “In particular, victimization is associated with social maladjustment and loneliness (Crick & Grotpeter, 1995) and in extreme cases, may be even conducive to an increased risk for future depression and anxiety (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, & Patton, 2001) ’ (2007, p. 282). Passive victims are more insecure and anxious then the norm of students.

In the lower grades when they are attacked, they usually react by withdrawal and crying. Their self-view is quite negative: low self-esteem, feelings of failure, shame, stupidity, and they may feel unattractive. These children are abandoned and lonely at school often having no friends in class. They are also non-aggressive, do not tease, and if male are usually physically weaker than other boys in their grade range (Olweus, 1978).